Using Social Stories to Support People with I/DD During the COVID-19 Emergency
What is a Social Story?
Social stories can be used with adults and children; they are a tool to help provide directions and examples of appropriate ways to respond to social situations. The goal of a social story is to illustrate and clarify expectations while building skills such as coping and emotional regulation. Social stories provide framework and should serve as a clear example of expected behaviors. Social stories consist of directive sentences (sentences that tell a person what to do) and descriptive sentences (sentences describing the situation). A well written social story has both types of sentences. A social story should be succinct while clearly highlighting the person’s goals and target behaviors. See the example below.
Recipe for an effective Social Story:
Right now, I have to stay at home so I am safe.
It may be hard for me because I like going to school.
When I am home, I can do fun activities like write letters to my friends and play board games.
(Descriptive, provides specific examples of what the person can do)
When I am home, I will follow directions from [CAREGIVER NAME(S)] and use my breathing techniques when I feel frustrated.
(Directive and clearly states expected behavior)
Staying at home can be fun!
(Descriptive and positive)
Many organizations and individuals have been generously sharing social stories around COVID-19/coronavirus. Here are a few we liked and wanted to share:
More resources—beyond social stories—can be found in our COVID-19 I/DD Database.